Two types of steroids or hormones are available in the market; Corticosteroids and Anabolic steroids, where corticosteroids are commonly used for reducing the inflammation within the body.
Anabolic Steroids are chemically derived testosterone that helps with your body’s metabolism. These steroids can be legally used only via prescription by a doctor.
In most sports, Anabolic Steroids are considered illegal and are banned by law. As Athletes perceive that they might be able to improve their performance they sometimes illegally take these steroids.
These steroids are commonly taken in the form of pills or injections. Athletes might use cycling, stacking or pyramiding pattern of drug dosage.
As these steroids have some major impacts on human health, they are banned from sports. Before listing these effects, we would like to point out some of the types of anabolic steroids currently found in the market.
Commonly Banned Anabolic Steroids
Some of the commonly known anabolic steroids that are banned by NCAA include Methenolone, Androstenedione, Tetrahydrogestrinone (THG) and others.
Most of these anabolic steroids have been found to be under use of famous athletes like Alex Rodriguez was related to the drug Methenolone.
The basic idea behind the use and popularity of most of these steroids is hoping that one will be able to increase their overall game in the field by using a shortcut.
Side effects of Anabolic Steroids
There are many side effects of using these anabolic steroids that most of the people are not aware of. These steroids badly affect your health both physically and mentally.
The main reason behind banning these anabolic steroids is these harmful effects that they leave on the human body. Some of these consequences are listed below.
Common Physical Side Effects
Development of cysts and severe skin conditions
When athletes, both males and females, use anabolic steroids the hormones within these steroids react with the various chemicals within our body. These reactions give way to the formation of cysts and other tumors.
As a result of these reactions, severe skin conditions like acne and oily skin are bound to develop. Such issues might require operating via surgeries.
One of the commonly known outcomes of using anabolic steroid is baldness in both males and females. Baldness, in turn, affects your whole personality and contributes to lowering your self-esteem.
Increased chance of heart disease
Our heart is a very sensitive part of our body. When a disturbance is created in the blood due to these anabolic steroids, the heart is the first organ to get damaged.
Research finds that athletes using anabolic steroids suffer from enlargements of the ventricles within their heart thus causing alterations in its overall pumping activity.
Some studies have also found that use of such steroids also leads to an increase in the level of bad cholesterols thereby increasing the chances of a heart attack.
Feminization amongst Males
One of the very disturbing side effects of anabolic steroids is the development of female characteristics within male athletes.
Unusual growth of breast or Gynecomastia amongst males is one such impact. Shrinking of testicles is another life-threatening result of using anabolic steroids.
Reduction in the number of sperms produced and an increase in infertility are two other alarming side effects of anabolic steroids that must not be taken lightly.
The occurrence of masculine features amongst Females
On the other hand, anabolic steroids when taken by female athletes lead to the development of manly features like deepening of their voice.
Increased facial and body hair are also one of the visible changes in females. Such steroid users experience changes in the menstrual cycle.
Psychological Side Effects
Not only does your body undergo physical changes but it also faces psychological disturbances as a result of taking anabolic steroids.
Mood swings are the most commonly heard behavioral side effect. For some athletes such mood swings are severe. At one time they feel rage while at the same time they are surrounded by sadness.
Athletes go through phases of depression and irritability mainly because of the changes their body is experiencing. At times people feel sudden uncontrollable aggression termed as roid rage.
Although physical side effects are equally harmful, these psychological one are even more dangerous. They can make you commit actions that might affect the people around you as well.
Using these steroids for some time might even make you an addict thus damaging your lifestyle in the long run.
After looking at all the adverse effects of Anabolic Steroids on human health, we can safely say that banning such drugs from Sports is a good decision on the part of the authorities.
For the sake of a mere increase in their performance, athletes are putting their lives and the lives of the people around them at risk.
You should remember that winning a game through illegal means will not do you any good rather it will badly impact you in the long run.